Bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery is basically a common name for various surgical treatment option for people that are very obese and are unable to reduce or control their weight by conventional methods like exercise and dietary modifications. Dr Harsh Sheth who is a Mumbai based bariatric surgeon says that this procedure isn’t for everybody and must not be confused with cosmetic surgeries for fat reduction. Bariatric surgery is supposed for people that are diagnosed as morbidly obese on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI).
Bariatric surgery is gaining popularity due to the apparent and significant leads to weight loss and also dramatic improvement in obesity related illnesses like sleeping disorders, diabetes, infertility issues, high BP, and joint pains.
So, What’s Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery is a surgery that involves changes within the alimentary canal which can cause restriction of the quantity of food you’re taking by reducing the dimensions of your stomach or cause reduction within the amount of food you consume along side malabsorption. This is a critical decision to make. So, you must look for the best bariatric surgeons for better result.
Who Can Choose Bariatric Surgery?
There are clearly defined guidelines which state that bariatric surgery is suggested for those:
-With a BMI of more than 37.5 kg/m2
-With a BMI of more than 32.5 kg/m2 with other obesity related health problems like Type 2 diabetes, sleeping disorders, high BP, etc.
What Are The Advantages Of Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery has emerged as a promising option for those battling weight issues even after trying everything possible to convert it.
-It gives an extended term and sustained weight loss solution.
-The surgery has also shown to cause notable improvement in type 2 diabetes, hypertension, joint pains, apnea, and infertility issues in women.
-One must consult a bariatric surgeon who will explain the varied surgery options in detail and suggest one among them based on the patient’s BMI and other relevant medical record .
What Are The Commonly Used Bariatric Procedures?
The most commonly performed bariatric procedures include:
1 . Gastric Bypass
Medically referred to as Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass, it’s one among the foremost common and successful weight loss procedures. It involves creation of a small stomach pouch which restricts your food intake and thus leads to lesser calories consumption. It also involves bypassing a segment of the small intestine where food absorption takes place which results in lesser absorption of calories thus controlling & reducing weight.
2 . Sleeve Gastrectomy
This procedure entails leaving a small portion of the stomach inside the body(the shape of a sleeve) and removs the main portion of the stomach out of the body. With the main portion of stomach being eliminated, the hunger stimulating hormone Gherlin is additionally eliminated. This reduces the hunger and one loses weight due to the less calories consumed.
3 . Gastric Banding
It involves placing a silicone band on top of the stomach portion which slows down the passage of food to the remaining stomach and provides an early feeling fullness.
All these bariatric procedures are done laparoscopically (a technique of surgery that doesn’t involves large cuts but is completed through small holes) and thus patients recover much faster and have excellent cosmetic results.
How Much Weight Can Be Reduced With Bariatric Surgery?
After a bariatric surgery, the patient loses around 6 to 8 kilograms monthly (differs consistent with various procedures). The patient usually loses more than 70% of his/ her excess weight in case of a gastric bypass surgery. (This may vary for other surgeries).
What Precautions Do Patients Need To Take After The Surgery?
Bariatric surgical procedures require lifelong commitment and determination from the patient to make sure the procedure may be a success and he/she doesn’t develop any complications/ deficiencies.
Here are few lifestyle changes the patients need to accustom to after the procedure:
-Small and frequent meals
Portion sizes decrease as patients feel full much earlier with small quantities of food so one must eat small and frequent meals. It’s recommended to possess a protein rich, low fat, low carb diet.
– Exercise regime
Undergoing the surgery doesn’t mean that you simply don’t have to put any effort from your end.
Exercise regimes are of paramount importance be it walking or aerobics or gyming.
the patients got to be regular with the nutritional supplements (multivitamins, iron and calcium) advised by your surgeon and follow up together with your surgeon as scheduled. As the absorption of food become less after the surgery it is necessary to intake supplement as prescribed by the doctor to reduce the chances of nutrients deficiency.
– Alteration of drugs Dosage
For people who had diabetes, high BP, joint pain and other obesity related diseases, dose regulation is critical as after bariatric surgery there’s a big improvement in these parameters and therefore the same doses as before the surgery aren’t required.